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    An idiosyncratic yet relatively comprehensive list of the reference works I've found most useful in researching early medieval Byzantine and Islamic history, along with a smattering of Jewish and broader Eurasian history. Most of these are in English or English translations, a few in French. 


    Abrahams, Israel,. Jewish Life in the Middle Ages. New York: Meridian Books and the Jewish Publication Society of America, Philadelphia, 1958.

    Anderson, J. G. C. The Road-System of Eastern Asia Minor : With Evidence of Byzantine Campaigns., 1897. 

    Ansary, Tamim. Destiny Disrupted : A History of the World through Islamic Eyes. New York: PublicAffairs, 2010.

    Ayoub, Mahmoud. The Crisis of Muslim History : Religion and Politics in Early Islam. Oxford: Oneworld, 2003. 

    Bækkelund, Heine. Byzantium - Beyond the Golden Gate : Wargaming Byzantine Armies from the Reign of Justinian to the Fall of Constantinople - 527 AD to 1204. Nottingham: BL Publishing, 2005. 

    Bennison, Amira K. The Great Caliphs : The Golden Age of the 'Abbasid Empire. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2009. 

    Bokhari, Raana, and Mohammad Seddon. The Complete Illustrated Guide to Islam. London: Hermes House, 2012. 

    Borrut, Antoine, and Paul M. Cobb . Umayyad Legacies : Medieval Memories from Syria to Spain. Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2010. 

    Borrut, Antoine. Entre Mémoire Et Pouvoir : L'Espace Syrien Sous Les Derniers Omeyyades Et Les Premiers Abbassides (v. 72-193/692-809). Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2011. 

    Bowersock, G. W., Peter Brown , and Oleg Grabar. Late Antiquity : A Guide to the Postclassical World. Cambridge, Mass.; London, England: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1999.

    Brooks, E. W. The Arabs in Asia Minor (641-750) : From Arabic Sources. [London?]: s.n., 1898. 

    Brownworth, Lars. Lost to the West : The Forgotten Byzantine Empire that Rescued Western Civilization. New York: Crown Publishers, 2009.

    Bury, J. B., and Henry Melvill Gwatkin . The Cambridge Medieval History. New York; Cambridge, Eng.: Macmillan Co. ; The University Press, 1924. 

    Bury, J. B. A History of the Later Roman Empire, from Arcadius to Irene (395 A.D. to 800 A.D.);. London; New York: Macmillan and Co., 1889. 

    Cameron, Averil, et al. The Byzantine and Early Islamic Near East. Princeton, N.J.: Darwin Press, 1992.

    Cameron, Averil, and Judith Herrin. Constantinople in the Early Eighth Century : The Parastaseis Syntomoi Chronikai : Introduction, Translation, and Commentary. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1984. 

    Cameron, Averil. The Mediterranean World in Late Antiquity Ad 395-600. London; New York: Routledge, 2000.

    Casson, Lionel,. Travel in the Ancient World. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994.

    Cavallo, Guglielmo. The Byzantines. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997.

    Cohen, Mark R.,. Under Crescent and Cross : The Jews in the Middle Ages. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1994.

    Connor, Carolyn L. Women of Byzantium. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004. 

    Cormack, Robin, Maria Vasilakē, and Royal Academy of Arts (Great Britain). Byzantium, 330-1453. London; New York: Royal Academy of Arts ; Distributed in the U.S. and Canada by Harry N. Abrams, 2008. 

    Dixon, 'Abd Al-Ameer 'Abd the Umayyad Caliphate 65-86. London, Luzac:, 1971.

    El-Cheikh, Nadia Maria. Byzantium Viewed by the Arabs. Cambridge, Mass.: Distributed for the Center for Middle Eastern Studies of Harvard University by Harvard University Press, 2003. 

    El-Maaitah, Z., and University of Manchester. An Investigation into the Economic and Administrative Organization of the Umayyad Caliphate, with Particular Reference to the Reign of "cAbd Al-Malik Ibn Marwan. University of Manchester, 1988. 

    Esposito, John L. The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

    Evans, Helen C., William D. Wixom, and Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York,N.Y.). The Glory of Byzantium : Art and Culture of the Middle Byzantine Era, A.D. 843-1261. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art : Distributed by H.N. Abrams, 1997.

    Fine, John Van Antwerp. The Early Medieval Balkans : A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century. Ann Arbor: The Univ. of Michigan Press, 1991.

    Foss, Clive. History and Archaeology of Byzantine Asia Minor. Aldershot, Hampshire: Variorum, 1990. 

    French, D. H. Roman Roads and Milestones of Asia Minor = Roma Cağinda Kücük Asya'Daki Yollar Ve Mil Taşlari. Oxford, England: B.A.R., 1981.

    Garland, Lynda,. Byzantine Women : Varieties of Experience 800-1200. Aldershot [England]; Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2006.

    Gero, Stephen. Byzantine Iconoclasm during the Reign of Leo III with Particular Attention to the Oriental Sources. Louvain:, 1973. 

    Gibb, H. A. R. "Arab-Byzantine Relations Under the Umayyad Caliphate." Dumbarton Oaks pap.Dumbarton Oaks papers. 30.12 (1958)

    Goitein, S. D., Paula Sanders, and Gustave E. von Grunebaum Center for Near Eastern Studies. A Mediterranean Society; the Jewish Communities of the Arab World as Portrayed in the Documents of the Cairo Geniza. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1967. 

    Gough, Mary, Michael Gough , and Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies. Alahan : An Early Christian Monastery in Southern Turkey. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 1985.

    Gough, Michael,. A Church of the Iconoclast Period in Byzantine Isauria. Ankara: British Institute of Archaeology at Ankara, 1957. 

    Gregory, Timothy E. A History of Byzantium. Malden, MA; Oxford: Blackwell Pub., 2005.

    Guessous Fekkoussi, Azeddine,. "Le Règne De Umar b. Abd-Al-Aziz (99-101) (717-720) l'Homme Et Ses Oeuvres." ANRT, 1988. Lille 3: 

    Guilland, Rodolphe,. L'Expédition De Maslama Contre Constantinople 717-718., 1955.

    Haldon, John F. The Byzantine Wars. Stroud: History Press, 2009.

    ---. Byzantium in the Seventh Century : The Transformation of a Culture. Cambridge [England]; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990. 

    The Palgrave Atlas of Byzantine History. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire; New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005. 

    ---. The Social History of Byzantium. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009. 

    ---. "Warfare, state and society in the Byzantine world, 565-1204." 1999.Web.

    Harris, Jonathan. Constantinople : Capital of Byzantium. London: Hambledon Continuum, 2007.

    Hasan, Saeed. Development of Arabic Poetry, from the Beginning of Islam Up to the End of the Umayyad Period. Allahabad: Senate House, 1962.

    Hatlie, Peter. The Monks and Monasteries of Constantinople, Ca. 350-850. Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

    Headlam, Arthur Cayley. Ecclesiastical Sites in Isauria (Cilicia Trachea), by Arthur C. Headlam,... London: Macmillan, 1893. 

    Herrin, Judith. Byzantium : The Surprising Life of a Medieval Empire. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2007. 

    ---. Women in Purple : Rulers of Medieval Byzantium. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2001.

    Hill, Stephen,. The Early Byzantine Churches of Cilicia and Isauria. Aldershot [England]; Brookfield, Vt., USA: Variorum, 1996.

    Hussey, J. M. The Orthodox Church in the Byzantine Empire. Oxford: Clarendon, 1986.

    Ibrahim, Mahmood,. The Social and Economic Background of the Umayyad Caliphate : The Role of Mu'Āwiya Ibn Abi Sufyan., 1981. 

    International Congress of the History of Bilad Al-Sham, et al. "The Fourth International Conference on the History of Bilād Al-Shām during the Umayyad Period : Proceedings of the Third Symposium".

    Istanbuli, Yasin. Diplomacy and Diplomatic Practice in the Early Islamic Era. Karachi: Oxford University Press, 2001.

    Jeffery, Arthur. Ghevond's Text of the Correspondence between 'Umar II and Leo III. Harvard, Mass.: The Harvard theological review, 1944.

    Jenkins, Romilly James Heald. Byzantium : The Imperial Centuries, A.D. 610-1071. Toronto; Buffalo: Published by the University of Toronto Press in association with the Medieval Academy of America, 1987. 

    Johnson, Paul,. A History of the Jews. New York: Perennial Library, 1988. 

    Kaegi, Walter Emil. Byzantium and the Early Islamic Conquests. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

    Kalavrezou, Ioli, et al. Byzantine Women and their World. Cambridge; New Haven: Harvard University Art Museums ; Yale University Press, 2003. 

    Kanon, Joseph. Istanbul Passage : A Novel. New York, NY: Atria Books, 2012.

    Kazhdan, A. P. The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

    Kennedy, Hugh. The Armies of the Caliphs : Military and Society in the Early Islamic State. London; New York: Routledge, 2001. 

    ---. The Byzantine and Early Islamic Near East. Aldershot [England]; Burlington, VT: Ashgate/Variorum, 2006.

    Kohen, Elli. History of the Byzantine Jews : A Microcosmos in the Thousand Year Empire. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 2007.

    Laiou, Angeliki E., Charalampos Bouras, and Dumbarton Oaks. The Economic History of Byzantium : From the Seventh through the Fifteenth Century. Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, 2002. 

    Lewis, David L.,. God's Crucible : Islam and the Making of Europe, 570 to 1215. New York: W.W. Norton, 2008.

    Lightfoot, C. S., and Mucahi̇de Lightfoot. Amorium : A Byzantine City in Anatolia. İstanbul: Homer Kitabevi, 2007. 

    Lindsay, James E.,. Daily Life in the Medieval Islamic World. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett Pub. Co., 2008. 

    Luttwak, Edward. The Grand Strategy of the Byzantine Empire. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2009. 

    Lyall, Charles James,. Translations of Ancient Arabian Poetry : Chiefly Prae-Islamic, with an Introduction and Notes. London: Williams and Norgate, 1885.

    Maguire, Henry,. The Icons of their Bodies : Saints and their Images in Byzantium. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1996.

    Mango, Cyril A. Byzantine Architecture. New York: H.N. Abrams, 1976.

    Martin, Richard C. Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World. New York: Macmillan Reference USA : Thomson/Gale, 2004. 

    Maurice, , and George T. Dennis. Maurice's Strategikon : Handbook of Byzantine Military Strategy. Philadelphia; [Great Britain]: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2001.

    McGeer, Eric. Sowing the Dragon's Teeth : Byzantine Warfare in the Tenth Century. Washington, D.C: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, 2008.

    Miller, Timothy S. The Orphans of Byzantium : Child Welfare in the Christian Empire. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 2003. 

    Mitchell, Stephen,. Anatolia : Land, Men, and Gods in Asia Minor. Oxford [England]; New York: Clarendon Press ; Oxford University Press, 1993. 

    Nicephorus, , Norman Tobias , and Anthony R. Santoro . An Eyewitness to History : The Short History of Nikephoros our Holy Father the Patriarch of Constantinople. Brookline, Mass.: Hellenic College Press, 1989. 

    Nicolle, David,. The Great Islamic Conquests AD 632-750. Oxford: Osprey, 2009. 

    ---. Romano-Byzantine Armies 4th-9th Centuries. London: Osprey, 1992.

    Norwich, John Julius, and John Julius Norwich . A Short History of Byzantium. New York: Knopf, 1997. 

    Norwich, John Julius,. Byzantium. New York: Knopf : Distributed by Random House, 1989. 

    Ostrogorski, Georgije. History of the Byzantine State. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1969.

    O'Sullivan, Shaun, and University of St Andrews. "Early Umayyad Syria : A Study of its Origins and Early Development." 2002. St Andrews:

    Papaconstantinou, Arietta, and Alice-Mary Maffry Talbot. Becoming Byzantine : Children and Childhood in Byzantium. Washington, D.C.; [Cambridge, Mass.]: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection ; Distributed by Harvard University Press, 2009. 

    Psellus, Michael, et al. Mothers and Sons, Fathers and Daughters : The Byzantine Family of Michael Psellos. Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 2006.

    Ramsay, William Mitchell,. The Historical Geography of Asia Minor. New York: Cooper Square Publishers, 1972.

    Ratliff, Brandie, Helen C. Evans, and Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York,N.Y.). Byzantium and Islam : Age of Transition, 7th-9th Century. New York; New Haven [Conn.]: Metropolitan Museum of Art ; Distributed by Yale University Press, 2012. 

    Rautman, Marcus Louis,. Daily Life in the Byzantine Empire. Westport (Conn.); London: Greenwood Press, 2006.

    Rice, Tamara Talbot. Everyday Life in Byzantium. New York: Barnes & Noble, 1994. 

    Robinson, Chase F. ʻAbd Al-Malik. Oxford: Oneworld, 2005.

    Roth, Norman,. Daily Life of the Jews in the Middle Ages. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2005. 

    Shedlock, Robert John,. "The Iconoclastic Edict of the Emperor Leo III, 726 A.D." 1968. 

    Shepard, Jonathan. The Cambridge History of the Byzantine Empire c. 500-1492. Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008. 

    Sypeck, Jeff. Becoming Charlemagne : Europe, Baghdad, and the Empires of A.D. 800. New York: Ecco, 2006.

    Ṭabarī, Muḥammad b. Ǧarīr al-, et al. The History of Al-Ṭabarī (Taʼrīkh Al-Rusul waʼl-Mulūk) Vol. XXIII, the Zenith of the Marwānid House / Transl. [from the Arabic] and Annot. by Martin Hinds. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1990. 

    Ṭabarī, Muḥammad b. Ǧarīr al-, et al. The History of Al-Ṭabarī (Taʼrīkh Al-Rusul waʼl-Mulūk) Vol. XXIV, the Empire in Transition / Transl. [from the Arabic] and Ann. by David Stephan Powers. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1989.

    Theophanes, , and Harry Turtledove. The Chronicle of Theophanes : An English Translation of Anni Mundi 6095-6305 (A.D. 602-813). Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1982. 

    Todorov, Boris Atanassov,. "The Bulgarians between the Two Romes : The Discourse of Power in Medieval Bulgaria." 2007. 

    Treadgold, Warren T. Byzantium and its Army, 284-1081. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1995. 

    ---. A History of the Byzantine State and Society. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1997. 

    Webster, Leslie, and Michelle Brown. The Transformation of the Roman World AD 400-900. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997.

    Wells, Colin,. Sailing from Byzantium : How a Lost Empire Shaped the World. New York: Delacorte Press, 2006. 

    Whittow, Mark,. The Making of Byzantium, 600-1025. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996. 

    Wightman, Reid Nelson. "Times of Upheaval : Inquiries into the Reigns and Policies of the Byzantine Emperors, Leo III and Constantine V." 1982. 

    Wurtzel, Carl. "The Umayyads in the History of Khalīfa B. Khayyāṭ." 1986.